Sources and Methods: Labour Statistics
Volume 5: Population Censuses
1.Name and address of the organization responsible for the census:
Central Bureau of Statistics in the Office of the Vice-President
and Ministry of Planning and National Development, P.O. Box
2.Population censuses conducted since 1945 (years):
1948, 1962, 1969, 1979 and 1989. The present description relates
to the 1989 population census (held on 24 August).
3.Coverage of the census:
(a) Geographical scope
(b) Persons covered
All persons of all ages.
The week preceding the census day.
(a) Total population, by sex and age: yes
Economically active population by:
(b) Sex and age group: yes
(c) Industry: no
(d) Occupation: yes
(e) Status in employment: yes
(f) Highest educational level: yes
(g) Hours of work: no
(h) Other characteristics: no
Re (a): The age is defined in terms of age at last birthday.
6.Concepts and definitions:
(a) Economically active population
It comprises all persons aged 10 years and over who, during the
reference week, were either employed or unemployed, according to
the definitions given below. Working students with a part time
job and students seeking work are excluded from the definition.
Considered as employed are all persons who, during the
reference period, worked most of the time for wages, salary,
commission, tips, contract and those paid in kind. The question
used to determine if a person is to be counted as employed is
What was X mainly doing during the last seven days preceeding
the census night? 1) worked for pay or profit; 2) on leave/sick
leave; 3) working on family holding; 4) no work; 5) seeking work;
6) student; 7) retired; 8) disabled; 9) home makers; 10)
It is reported that the following categories are included:
Only persons belonging to category (iii) can be identified
- persons doing unpaid work in family firm or business;
- persons engaged in the production of primary products for own
- employed persons, temporarily absent from work;
- seasonal or occasional workers;
- apprentices and trainees.
Considered as unemployed are all persons who, during the
reference week, were without work, available for work and seeking
work. Persons not actively seeking work were considered as
unemployed but categorised separately from those actively looking
Only employed persons are classified by occupation and by status
No classification by industry was made.
Based on the question: What was X's main occupation?
e.g. clerical, motor mechanic, primary school teacher, etc.
For coding occupation, eight major broad groups of the national
classification were used. Links to the ISCO-88 have been
established to the major group (1-digit) level.
(c) Status in employment
Based on the question: What was X working as? For coding
status in employment, four groups were used, namely: employer;
self-employed; employee; family worker.
8.Main differences compared with the previous census:
The 1989 census was the first census undertaking to elicit
information on the Labour Force.
9.Publication of the census results:
The final results of the population census were issued in July
1995 in a publication entitled The Kenya Population Census
1989, Volume IX: The Labour Force.
The organization responsible for the publication of the
results is the Central Bureau of Statistics, P.O. Box 30266,