International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED)
X No schooling
Less than one year of schooling.
Level 0: Education preceding the first level
Education delivered in kindergartens, nursery schools as well as in infant classes attached to primary schools.
Level 1: First level
Programmes are designed to give the students a sound basic education in reading, writing and arithmetic along with an elementary understanding of other subjects such as national history, geography, natural science, social science, art, music and religious instruction. Children enter these programmes when they are 5 to 7 years old. Literacy programmes for adults are also to be classified under Level 1.
Level 2: Second level, first stage
The basic programmes constituting the first level are continued, but usually on a more subject-oriented pattern. Some small beginnings of specialization may be seen at this level with some students having the opportunity to direct their attention more particularly to certain types of subjects, e.g. commercial or technical subjects. Vocational programmes designed to train for a specific occupation and often associated with relatively unskilled jobs, as well as apprenticeship programmes for skilled trades and crafts that provide further education as part of the programme, are also included.
Level 3: Second level, second stage
General education continues to be an important constituent of the programmes, but separate subject presentation and more specialization are found at this level. Also to be classified under Level 3 are programmes consisting of subject matter mainly with a specific vocational emphasis or apprenticeship programmes, with an entrance requirement of eight full years of education, or a combination of basic education and vocational experience that demonstrates the ability to handle the subject matter of that level.
Level 5: Third level, first stage, leading to an award not equivalent to a first university degree
Programmes of this type are usually "practical" in orientation in that they are designed to prepare students for particular vocational fields in which they can qualify as high level technicians, teachers, nurses, production supervisors, etc.
Level 6: Third level, first stage, leading to a first university degree or equivalent qualification
Programmes of this type comprise those leading to typical first university degrees such as a "Bachelorís degree", a "Licence", etc., as well as those which lead to first professional degrees such as "Doctorates" awarded after completion of studies in medicine, engineering, law, etc.
Level 7: Third level, second stage
Programmes leading to a post-graduate university degree or equivalent qualification. Programmes of this type generally require a first university degree or equivalent qualification for admission. They are intended to reflect specialization within a given subject area.
Level 9: Education not definable by level
Programmes for which there are no entrance requirements.
?: Level not stated